CAUSES OF UNEMPLOYMENT IN INDIANT

It is obvious that the unemployment situation is grim indeed. It has, therefore, to be tackled with appropriate measures and on an urgent basis. However, before we discussed the ways and means of removing unemployment, it is necessary that we understand the causes that given rise to it. The major causes which have been responsible for the wide spread unemployment can be spelt out as under.

1. RAPID POPULATION GROWTH
2. LIMITED LAND
3. SEASONAL AGRICULUTRE
4. FRAGMENTATION OF LAND
5. BACKWARD METHOD OF AGRICULTURE
6. DEFECTIVE EDUCATION
7. DECLINE OF COTTAGE INDUSTRIES
8. LACK OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION
9. INADEQUATE EPMLOYMENT PLANNING

  1. RAPID POPULATION GROWTH

It is the leading cause of unemployment in Rural India. In India, particularly in rural areas, the population is increasing rapidly. It has adversely affected the unemployment situation largely in two ways. In the first place, the growth population directly encouraged the unemployment by making large addition to labour force. It is because the rate of job expansion could never have been as high as population growth would have required.

  2. LIMITED LAND

Land is the gift of nature. It is always constant and cannot expand like population growth. Since, India population increasing rapidly, therefore the land is not sufficient for the growing population. As a result, there is heavy pressure on the land. In rural areas, most of the people depend directly on land for their livelihood. Land is very limited in comparison to population. It creates the unemployment situation for a large number of persons who depend on agriculture in rural areas.

  3. SEASONAL AGRICULTURE

In Rural society agriculture is the only means of employment. However, most of the rural people are engaged directly as well as indirectly in agricultural operation. But, agriculture in India is the rural people only in a particular season of the year. For example, during the sowing and harvesting period, people are fully employed and the period between the post harvest and before the next sowing they remain unemployed. It has adversely affected their standard of living.

  4. FRAGMENTATION OF LAND

In India, due to the heavy pressure on land of large population results the fragmentation of land. It creates a great obstacle in the part of agriculture. As land is fragmented and agricultural work is being hindered the people who depend on agriculture remain unemployed. This has an advance effect on the employment situation. It also leads to the poverty of villagers.

  5. BACKWARD METHOD OF AGRICULTURE

The method of agriculture in India is very backward. Till now, the rural farmers followed the old farming methods. As a result, the farmer cannot feed properly many people by the produce of his farm and he is unable his children with proper Education or to engage them in any profession. It leads to unemployment problem.

  6. DEFECTIVE EDUCATION

The day to day Education is very defective and is confirmed within the class room only. Its main aim is to acquire certificated only. The present Educational system is not job oriented, it is degree oriented. It is defective on the ground that is more general Education are unable to do any work. They are to be called as good for nothing in the ground that they cannot have any job here, they can find the ways of self employment. It leads to unemployment as well as underemployment

  7. DECLINE OF COTTAGE INDUSTRIES

In Rural India, village or cottage industries are the only mans of employment particularly of the landless people. They depend directly on various cottage industries for their livelihood. But, now-a-days, these are adversely affected by the industrialization process. Actually, it is found that they cannot complete with modern factories in matter or production. As a result of which the village industries suffer a serious loss and gradually closing down. Owing to this, the people who work in there remains unemployed and unable to maintain their livelihood.

  8. LACK OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION

In India particularly in rural areas, there are no adequate facilities of transport and communication. Owing to this, the village people who are not engaged in agricultural work are remained unemployed. It is because they are unable to start any business for their livelihood and they are confirmed only within the limited boundary of the village. It is noted that the modern means of transport and communication are the only way to trade and commerce. Since there lack of transport and communication in rural areas, therefore, it leads to unemployment problem among the villagers.

  9. INADEQUATE EPMLOYMENT PLANNING

The employment planning of the government is not adequate in comparison to population growth. In India near about two lakh people are added yearly to our existing population. But the employment opportunities did not increase according to the proportionate rate of population growth. As a consequence, a great difference is visible between the job opportunities and population growth.