Biologically, a child (plural: children) is a human being between the stages of birth and puberty. The legal definition of child generally refers to minors, otherwise known as a person younger than the age of majority.

Child may also describe a relationship with a parents (such as sons and daughter of any age) or signify group membership in a clan, tribe, or religion; it can also signify being strongly affected by a specific time, place, or circumstances, as in “a child of nature” or “a child of the sixties”.

There are many social issues that are affect children, such as childhood education, bullying, child poverty, dysfunctional families, child labor, hunger and child homelessness. Children can be raised by parents, by fosterers, guardians or partially raised in a day care centre.

Legally the term “child” may refer to anyone below the age of majority or some other age limit. The United Nations Convention on the Right of the Child defines as “a human being below the age of 18 years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.

Every child goes through many stages of social development. An infant or very young child will play alone happily. If another child wanders onto the scene, he or she may be physically attacked or pushed out of the way by the other. Next, the child can play with another child, gradually learning to share and take turns. Eventually, the group grows larger, to three or four children. By the time a child enters kindergarten; he or she can usually join in and enjoy group experience.

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